October 2012

How are Mutual Fund Gains Taxed?

Capital Gains Tax, Equity Mutual Funds, Debt Mutual Funds, Indexation Benefits, FMP's, Balanced Mutual Funds.

Capital Gain is the difference between sale price and acquisition cost of the investment. Since mutual funds are exempt from tax, the schemes do not pay a tax on the capital gains they earn.

Investors in mutual fund schemes however need to pay a tax on their capital gains as follows:

Equity-oriented schemes

– Nil – on Long Term Capital Gains (i.e. if investment was held for more than a year) arising out of transactions, where STT has been paid

– 15% plus surcharge plus education cess – on Short Term Capital Gains (i.e. if investment was held for 1 year or less) arising out of transactions, where STT has been paid

– Where STT is not paid, the taxation is similar to debt-oriented schemes

Debt-oriented schemes

– Short Term Capital Gains (i.e. if investment was held for 1 year or less) are added to the income of the investor. Thus, they get taxed as per the tax slabs applicable. An investor whose income is above that prescribed for 20% taxation would end up bearing tax at 30%. Investors in lower tax slabs would bear tax at lower rates. Thus, what is applicable is the marginal rate of tax of the investor.

– In the case of Long Term Capital Gain (i.e. if investment was held for more than 1 year), investor pays tax at the lower of the following:

— 10% plus surcharge plus education cess, without indexation

— 20% plus surcharge plus education cess, with indexation

Indexation means that the cost of acquisition is adjusted upwards to reflect the impact of inflation. The government comes out with an index number for every financial year to facilitate this calculation.

For example, if the investor bought units of a debt-oriented mutual fund scheme at Rs 10 and sold them at Rs 15, after a period of over a year. Assume the government’s inflation index number was 400 for the year in which the units were bought; and 440 for the year in which the units were sold. The investor would need to pay tax on the lower of the following:

— 10%, without indexation viz. 10% X (Rs 15 minus Rs 10) i.e. Rs 0.50 per unit

— 20%, with indexation.

Indexed cost of acquisition is Rs 10 X 440 ÷ 400 i.e. Rs11. The capital gains post indexation is Rs 15 minus Rs 11 i.e. Rs 4 per unit. 20% tax on this would mean a tax of Rs 0.80 per unit.The investor would pay the lower of the two taxes i.e. Rs0.50 per unit.

Here’s how different funds are taxed and who should invest in them:

Debt schemes held for short term: If you fall under 10% tax bracket, growth option would be better—as there is no DDT (13.519%). Dividend option is better if an individual falls under higher income brackets (20% or 30% & above) as the DDT is lower. Debt schemes if held for short term ( less than one year), then capital gains tax will added to income and taxed according to the slab.

Debt funds held for long term: If you want to invest in debt schemes for more than a year, growth option is a better choice. In case of debt schemes, long term capital gains are taxed at 10% without indexation and 20% with indexation.

This article – Guide to debt funds & article – Debt funds can prove beneficial from Economic times further articulates the tax advantages & other benefits of investing in debt funds. 

Source : NISM

 More on Mutual Funds

July 2012

What is form 26AS~Important Tax Statement

 

What is Form 26AS?

A1Form 26AS is a consolidated tax statement issued under Rule 31 AB of Income Tax Rules to PAN holders. This statement with respect to a financial year will include details of:
a) tax deducted at source (TDS);
b) tax collected at source (TCS); and 
c) advance tax/self assessment tax/regular assessment tax etc. deposited in the bank by the taxpayers (PAN holders). 
Form 26AS will be prepared only with respect to Financial Year 05-06 onwards. [Source : Income Tax India Website]

The information will be useful when filing taxes online.

Tax Filing ~ Which ITR (Income Tax Return) forms to file~File Online

Income Tax India, Tax filing, Online, Form 26AS, ITR forms, Income from salaryNow you can File taxes online using the website : https://incometaxindiaefiling.gov.in/portal/index.jsp. Follow these simple steps for filing online.

1. Register using  your PAN. Once you login you can choose the Assessment Year for filing the tax :

Tax Filing, Which ITR (Income Tax Return) forms to file, Form 26AS, Individual , HUF,

2. Use the following ITR forms based on your type/ source of Income.

Tax Filing, Which ITR (Income Tax Return) forms to file, Form 26AS, Individual , HUF,

3. Download the return preparation excel sheet. There is excel utility excel templates which are provided for each type of ITR forms. 

Income tax return, Excel Utility, Preparation software, ITR Return, NSDL, ITR-1 Sahajj, ITR-2, ITR-3, ITR-4

4. Use form 16 to fill in the form (4 pages). Click Validate. This will generate the XML File. Now you just need to upload the file using the following form :

Income tax return, Excel Utility, Preparation software, ITR Return, NSDL, ITR-1 Sahajj, ITR-2, ITR-3, ITR-4Income tax return, Excel Utility, XML, Upload return, refund, Preparation software, ITR Return, NSDL, ITR-1 Sahajj, ITR-2, ITR-3, ITR-45.  You will get an email from income tax office. You need to send the signed form to the address mentioned on the file by ordinary post or speed post.

And that’s it… Remember online tax filing is mandatory for Income over 10lacs/Optional for income < 10lacs. You can either sign digitally or send by post.

Ensure that you check Form 26AS for TDS information and verification. 

The document : Common_Mistakes  which should be avoided when filing taxes online. 

Happy Tax filing