Author - Kapil

October 2015

July 2015

April 2015

February 2015

Highlights of Union Budget 2015-16

Highlights of Union Budget 2015-16, India, Jaitley

Following are the Highlights of the Union Budget 2015-16.
You may read the key features of the budget here.

Abolition of Wealth Tax.
Additional 2% surcharge for the super rich with income of over Rs. 1 crore.
Rate of corporate tax to be reduced to 25% over next four years.
Total exemption of up to Rs. 4,44,200 can be achieved.
100% exemption for contribution to Swachch Bharat, apart from CSR.
Service tax increased to 14 per cent.

Rs. 25,000 crore for Rural Infrastructure Development Bank.
Rs. 5,300 crore to support Micro Irrigation Programme.
Farmers credit – target of 8.5 lakh crore.

Rs. 70,000 crores to Infrastructure sector.
Tax-free bonds for projects in rail road and irrigation
PPP model for infrastructure development to be revitalised & govt. to bear majority of the risk.
Rs. 150 crore allocated for Research & Development
NITI to be established and involvement of entrepreneurs,researchers to foster scientific innovations.
Govt. proposes to set up 5 ultra mega power projects, each of 4000MW.

AIIMS in Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Himachal Pradesh, Bihar and Assam.
IIT in Karnataka; Indian School of Mines in Dhanbad to be upgraded to IIT.
PG institute of Horticulture in Armtisar. (more…)

Highlights of the Railway Budget for 2015-16

Highlights of Railway Budget 2015-16 , Suresh Prabhu

Highlights of Railway Budget for 2015-16

Following are highlights of the Railway Budget for 2015-16

* Emphasis on gauge conversion over next 5 yrs
* Must run fast trains like Rajdhani, Shatabdi
* To up track length by 20% to 138,000 km next 5 years
* Must substantially regain freight mkt share
* No hike in passenger fares

* To have professional agencies for railways cleaning
* Ensuring higher standards of cleanliness a priority
* Swachh Rail to be a driving force
* To create new dept for clean stations, trains

* 1,219 sections on high density network
* Railway is a unique integrator of India (more…)

January 2015

6 good ways for year end tax planning.

Tax planning strategy, year end tax saving strategy, Section 80C deductions, Benefits of investments and taxation

You can use the following 6 good ways for year end tax planning.

1. Let your dud stocks help you save tax
Since long-term capital gains from stocks sold on stock-exchange is exempt from tax; long term capital losses from the stocks is also not allowed to be set-off and / or to be carried forward. Therefore you should convertyour short term unrealized losses from stocks into actual loss and reduce your tax liability.

What if you want to retain the loss making stocks for a long term? It’s very simple—just sell it on or before March 31 and buy it back any time from 1st April onwards. In other words, book temporary loss for tax purpose.

In simple words, it is always preferable to book short term capital losses at the end of financial year on your loss making stocks (even if you want to keep them for long term and don’t want to dispose) and buy them in next financial year. By that way, you will be able to lower your capital gains (by utilizing these losses for setting off against your other capital gains) and consequently lowering your tax liability.

2. Use bonus-stripping 
Do you know that bonus shares also provide tax arbitrage opportunity? How? What is the relationship between issue of bonus shares and saving tax?

The practice of buying the shares at cum-bonus price and selling the ‘original shares’ at ex-bonus price and booking short term losses in the process is called ‘bonus stripping’ and similar to ‘dividend stripping’.

As per the current IT provisions, tax laws allow ‘bonus stripping’ in case of equity shares.

So, if during the financial year, you’ve purchased any shares against which company has further allotted you bonus shares, then you must sell the ‘original holdings’ and book short term capital loss.

But how does it help save tax? Let me explain with the help of an example, suppose you purchased 100 shares of ABC ltd at a price of Rs 300 per share in the month of November 2012. Later on, in the month of January 2013 when the price was ruling at Rs 350 per share, the company came with 1:1 bonus and you were allotted 100 additional shares so that after the bonus issue, you held 200 shares at the adjusted ex-bonus market price of Rs 175 and now the market price is ruling at, say, Rs 200 per share. Now, if you sell the original 100 shares and keep the ‘bonus shares’, you can book a short term capital loss of Rs 10,000 (Rs 20,000 – Rs 30,000) for tax purposes.

Your next question will be: Won’t this tax benefit get set-off against gains from selling bonus shares? Yes, only if sell the bonus shares before one year from the date of allotment. On the other hand, if you sell the bonus units after a period of 12 months, the capital gains will be long term and therefore completely exempt.

3. Invest your short term surplus in Debt Funds
By investing in a Debt Funds at the end of the financial year (i.e., the month of February & March), you an avail an additional year indexation benefit  by holding the investments >3 yrs. Also, UNLIKE FD’s there is NO TDS deduction in debt funds. Considering the benigh interest rate scenario over next year, it makes a lot of sense to invest in debt funds. In case of partial withdrawals, the tax treatment is applicable only to the capital gain and not on the principal amount. So you benefit in terms of lower tax payments.

4. Advance tax payment: Way out

Note that even though TDS is being deducted by your employer on your salary income, you are liable for payment of advance tax on your other income like interest, capital gains etc if the tax liability exceeds Rs 5,000.

It is good, if you can calculate tax on your other income and pay the advance tax by yourself. But if you want to avoid the hassle, there’s a way out. You can submit the particulars of ‘other income’ to your employer and request him to deduct tax on your additional income. The employer cannot refuse because it’s a right provided to you under income tax law.

5. Get Form-16, even if tax on your salary income is ‘nil’
Form -16 is more important than your tax-return. Now-a-days everybody asks for it as proof of your income. So how to ensure that your employer issue you a Form-16 even when your salary income is below the basic exemption limit. In other words, how to force the employer to deduct a nominal amount of tax and issue you a TDS certificate in ‘Form-16’

There are two possible scenarios:

o Your income is below taxable limit without availing section 80C deductions: Submit a declaration showing other income such as capital gains, income from house property, interest on savings account, bank FDs, NSC, KVP and NCDs (if any).

o Your salary income goes below taxable limit only after availing section 80C deductions: Don’t submit any proof for tax savings or submit so much evidence so as to bring your taxable salary income to such a level which is marginally higher than basic exemption limit.

In both the cases, your employer would be forced to deduct TDS from your salary income and issue you a TDS certificate in ‘Form-16’.

6. Avail depreciation benefit on cars, books & computers
If you’re a professional and planning to buy a new car, books or a computer, consider purchasing on or before March 31 to avail depreciation benefit for 6 months and thereby save tax.

Remember this financial year FY 14-15 , the tax deduction u/s 80C has been increased to 1.5 lacs and the home loan interest deduction u/s 24 has increased to 2 lacs. Avail these benefits.

Be a Smart Investor and savvy tax saver….

December 2014

What are Bonus Debentures?

NTPC Bonus Debentures, Stock Market, Nifty, Sensex,

NTPC has recently announced bonus debentures in a bid to improve it’s capital structure and hence ROE. What are bonus debentures?

As an equity investor you may also be entitled to regular interest payments. Wondering how? Welcome to the concept of bonus debentures.

Companies usually reward shareholders by sharing a portion of the profits with them.

Cash dividends or bonus share issues are widely used as rewards. While dividend payments mean cash receipt for investors, bonus issues usually mean free shares credited to your demat account. Like bonus shares, companies have the option to issue bonus debentures to shareholders too. Hindustan Unilever was the first company to issue them in 2001.


Bonus debentures are issued out of the accumulated profits of the company (reserves and surplus). Just like free shares are credited to you when a company makes a bonus share issue, free debentures are credited to you when it makes a bonus debenture issue. Investors holding shares of the issuing company on the record date will be allotted bonus debentures. As an investor holding the bonus debentures, you are eligible to receive interest payments, similar to other debt instruments, until the maturity of the instrument. On maturity, you are entitled to receive the principal amount (face value).

Even if you sell all the shares of the issuing company prior to the maturity, you will still continue to receive interest payments regularly and principal amount on maturity of these debentures. Companies may choose to get the debentures listed in the stock exchanges. In such cases, you can cash-in by selling the debentures through the exchanges even before they mature.

To understand this better, let us consider the bonus debenture proposal by Dr Reddy’s Labs.

For every 1,000 shares of Dr Reddy’s held by the investor in March 2011, the company allotted 6,000 bonus debentures with a face value of Rs. 5, carrying an interest rate of 9.25 per cent. The debentures are redeemable at the end of the third year (i.e. March 2014). The interest payment works out to Rs. 2,775. On maturity, an investor holding 1,000 shares will receive the principal amount of Rs. 30,000. (more…)


financial planning, financial freedom, Bad investment products to avoid, Retirement Planning, Child Plans


1. Say NO to Horribly expensive traditional life insurance policies like Money Back, Whole Life etc. peddled as investments. Even PPF beats them hands down.  They make money only for the agent. NOT for you. !!!! Don’t ruin your future in the name of tax savings.

2. Say NO to Terrible ULIP schemes, which eat away your capital due to high expenses in the initial years. Mutual Funds are way better than ULIP’s

3. Say NO to Margin Trading / Derivatives trading/ Overleveraging  in Stock Market/Real Estate The markets can remain irrational more than you can remain solvent. !!!!

4. SAY NO to Bank RM’s who sell sub standard hybrid close-ended products for their commissions, which has no relevance in your financial goals. Why should banks be selling insurance products anyways? Think…. RM’s are ultimately trying to meet their targets at your cost!!!

5. SAY NO to children insurance policies pitched emotionally. They DO NOT NEED life cover. Remember they need you & your Love , & so YOU are the one who needs LIFE COVER to protect your family.!!!!!

6. SAY NO to Multiple credit cards & Credit Card Companies as they fleece you by offering you deceptive & expensive high interest EMI payments.

7. SAY NO to fly-by-night fraudulent agencies (Saradha Type Schemes), pyramid type companies who offer unreasonable returns. You will probably lose your entire capital. Don’t become penny wise , Pound foolish…..

Learn to Say No. Adopt a life strategy similar to corporate strategy. Write down a list of ‘Not to pursue’ in your life & investments. Whenever an option shows up, test it against your list. This will not only save you a lot of trouble , it will also save you a lot of time and money. Remember, many doors are not going through, even when the handle seems to turn so effortlessly.

Take the step to Remove BAD investment products and then SAY YES TO Achieving FINANCIAL FREEDOM & SECURING your RETIREMENT & future & Gift yourself financial freedom.

July 2014

Latest Cost of Inflation Index March 2014 & Double indexation benefits.

Latest Cost of Inflation Index March 2014 , Double indexation benefits, Short term debt, 30% tax bracket, Investing strategies, year end tax planning

Cost of Inflation Index upto FY 2013-14. (The year mentioned is financial year(FY) 

The cost of inflation index is useful for income-tax assesses in the computation of tax on long-term capital gains (for indexation purposes). In the previous two years, the cost inflation index rose 10 per cent and 12.5 per cent, respectively.

A cost inflation index helps reduce the inflationary gains, thereby reducing the long-term capital gains tax payout for the taxpayer. Currently, the income-tax law allows long-term capital gains to be computed after adjusting for inflation (Debt Mutual Funds, FMP’s, Real Estate Gains etc.) .

The cost of acquisition as well as the cost of improvement is adjusted for inflation between the date of purchase and date of sale (through the cost inflation index) before the long-term capital gain is ascertained.

Assume, if the investor invested Rs 1,00,000 in the growth option on March 30, 2012 and redeemed the investment on April 2, 2013 for Rs 1,10,000 

The investment happened in financial year 2011-12, for which the government has declared cost inflation index of 785.

The investor redeemed the investment in financial year in 2013-14, for which the cost inflation index is 939.

The capital gains is Rs. 110,000 minus Rs. 100,000 i.e. Rs. 10,000.

The holding period is 367 days, which is more than 1 year. Therefore, it is a long term capital gain.

The maximum tax the investor has to bear is 10% (plus surcharge plus education cess) on the capital gain of Rs. 10,000. Thus, the maximum tax payable would be Rs. 1,000 (plus surcharge plus education cess).

Investor can benefit from indexation. The indexed cost of acquisition is Rs. 100,000 X 939 ÷ 785 i.e. Rs. 119,618 . This is higher than the selling price of Rs. 110,000. Thus, the investor ends up with a long term capital loss of Rs. 9,618. So no tax payable and also this can be set off against long term capital gains, as discussed in the next section.

Another point to note is that although the investor held the investment for slightly more than a year, the investor gets the benefit of indexation for two years viz. 2011-12 and 2012-13. Hence the name “double indexation” for such structures.

Mutual funds tend to come out with fixed maturity plans (FMP’s) towards the end of every financial year to help them benefit from such double indexation. Even short term debt is a good investment towards the financial year end, as they too offer the same benefits. 

Largely investors are unaware about this benefit. This benefit can and should be taken by investors who are in 30% tax bracket as they get the maximum benefit. So, invest in wither FMP’s or Short term Debt (Holding period > 1 yr) towards the end of a financial year, and sell towards the beginning of a financial year and take advantage of   double indexation tax benefit for virtually tax free capital gains. Money saved is indeed Money earned.

Be Money Savvy and invest smart. Happy Investing. 

June 2014

April 2014

February 2014

Understand Income Tax Clubbing provisions and How to invest in Spouse’s Name

Income Tax clubbing Provisions, Investing in Spouse Name, Tax Implications, Section 64

Financial planners contend that couples should ideally combine their finances. The meshing together of the investments of the husband and wife not only strengthens the household’s financial fibre but gives them a comprehensive view of the real situation.

However, the taxman has set limits to this joining of the finances of the two spouses. He has no problems if one spouse gives money to the other. After all, it’s their money and spouses are in the list of specified relatives whom you can gift any sum without attracting a gift tax.

But if that money is invested and earns an income, the clubbing provisions of the Income Tax Act come into play. Section 64 of the Income tax Act says that income derived from money gifted to a spouse will be treated as the income of the giver. It will be clubbed with his (or her) income for the year and taxed accordingly.

For instance, if you buy a house in your wife’s name but she has not monetarily contributed in the purchase, then the rental income from that house would be treated as your income and taxed at the applicable rate. Similarly, if you give money to your wife as a gift and she puts it in a fixed deposit, the interest would be taxed as your income. Don’t think you can get away by clever ploys involving other relatives.

For instance, one may think of gifting money to his mother-in-law, a transaction that has no gift tax implications. Then a few days later, the lady gifts the money to her daughter, which again does not have any tax implications. The money can then be invested without attracting clubbing provisions, right? Wrong.

Given that most big-ticket transactions are now reported to the tax department by third parties (banks, brokerages, mutual funds, insurance companies), it may not be difficult to put two and two together. If the taxman discovers this circuitous transaction, you may be hauled up for tax evasion. Are there ways to avoid the clubbing provisions without crossing the line between tax avoidance and tax evasion? Yes.

If you want to buy a house in your wife’s name but don’t want the rent to be taxed as your income, you can loan her the money. In exchange, she can give you her jewellery. For example, if you transfer a house worth Rs 10 lakh to your wife and she transfers her jewellery for the same amount in your favour, then the rental income from that house would not be taxable to you.

One can also avoid clubbing of income by opting for tax exempt investments. There is no tax on income from the Public Provident Fund (although the 8% interest rate offered and the 15-year lock-in does not compare with fixed deposits). There is also no tax on gains from shares and equity mutual funds if held for more than a year. So, if one invests in these options in the name of the spouse, there is no additional tax liability.

In fact in case of PPF , Shares, Mutual Funds, FMP’s , Tax free Bonds etc the section 64 clubbing provisions are still applicable but as the income is tax free, no worry for you.

(~ Source Economic Times)

December 2013

Top 10 ELSS Mutual Fund Investments for 2014!!!

Section 80C investments, ELSS, Mutual Funds investments, Tax saving , Tax planning

Most of the investors have begun to ask about investing in ELSS Mutual funds as we are nearing March. As you are aware, ELSS investments can be claimed as deduction u/s 80C (up to a max of 1 lac)

Here is the list of top performing ELSS Mutual funds.The list is based on past 5 years performance One can also choose and invest based on past 3 years performance. Since the ELSS as locked in products for 3 years, it does not make a lot of sense to compare or invest based on performances of less 1 year.

Top 10 ELSS based on 5 years performance are :
Scheme Name
1. ICICI Pru Tax Plan 25%
2. Canara Robeco Equity Tax Saver 22.4%
3. Quantum Long Tax Saving 22.2%
4. HDFC Long Term Advantage 21.8%
5. Franklin India Tax Shield 21.1%
6. L&T Tax Advantage 20.9%
7. Reliance Tax Saver 20.6%
8. IDFC Tax Advantage 20.4%
9. DSPBR Tax Saver 20.3%
10. Birla SL Tax Relief 96 19.7%

Happy Investing…..