Author - Kapil

August 2017

Delayed Gratification, Marshmallow test, Long term investing

Delayed Gratification ~ The Marshmallow test !!! ~ The one quality must for success…

👉Weekend good fabulous short video …

👉 DELAYED GRATIFICATION , or deferred gratification, is the ability to resist the temptation for an immediate reward and wait for a later reward.

👉40 Years of Stanford Research Found That People With This One Quality Are More Likely to Succeed

👌🏼The following popular short video experiment of MARSHMALLOW TEST test has over 5M+ views ….

❓What were the results of the experiment The researchers followed each child for more than 40 years and over and over again, the group who waited patiently for the second marshmallow succeed in whatever capacity they were measuring.

⭐⭐In other words, this series of experiments proved that the ability to delay gratification was critical for success in life.

👉 Show it to children .. they would love this video

👌🏼Some excellent pointers towards a better thought process and attitude – #investwise

May 2017

Behavioural finance, Behavorial finance, Outcome Bias, Investing

Never Judge a Decision by Its Outcome: Outcome Bias

Never Judge a Decision by Its Outcome: Outcome Bias

A quick hypothesis: Say one million monkeys speculate on the stock market. They buy and sell stocks like crazy and, of course, completely at random. What happens? After one week, about half of the monkeys will have made a profit and the other half a loss. The ones that made a profit can stay; the ones that made a loss you send home. In the second week, one half of the monkeys will still be riding high, while the other half will have made a loss and are sent home.

And so on.

After ten weeks, about one thousand monkeys will be left—those who have always invested their money well. After twenty weeks, just one monkey will remain—this one always, without fail, chose the right stocks and is now a billionaire.

Let’s call him the success monkey.

How does the media react?

It will pounce on this animal to understand its “success principles.” And they will find some: Perhaps the monkey eats more bananas than the others. Perhaps he sits in another corner of the cage. Or maybe he swings headlong through the branches, or he takes long, reflective pauses while grooming. He must have some recipe for success, right?

How else could he perform so brilliantly? Spot-on for two years—and that from a simple monkey? Impossible!

The monkey story illustrates the outcome bias: We tend to evaluate decisions based on the result rather than on the decision process. This fallacy is also known as the “historian error.”

A classic example is the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. Should the military base have been evacuated or not? From today’s perspective: obviously, for there was plenty of evidence that an attack was imminent. However, only in retrospect do the signals appear so clear. At the time, in 1941, there was a plethora of contradictory signals. Some pointed to an attack; others did not. To assess the quality of the decision, we must use the information available at the time, filtering out everything we know about it post attack (particularly that it did indeed take place).

Another experiment: You must evaluate the performance of three heart surgeons. To do this, you ask each to carry out a difficult operation five times. Over the years, the probability of dying from these procedures has stabilized at 20 percent. With surgeon A, no one dies.

With surgeon B, one patient dies.

With surgeon C, two die. How do you rate the performances of A, B, and C?

If you think like most people, you rate A the best, B the second best, and C the worst. And thus you’ve just fallen for the outcome bias.

You can guess why: The samples are too small, rendering the results meaningless. You can only really judge a surgeon if you know something about the field, and then carefully monitor the preparation and execution of the operation. In other words, you assess the process and not the result.

Alternatively, you could employ a larger sample: one hundred or one thousand operations if you have enough patients who need this particular operation. For now it is enough to know that, with an average surgeon, there is a 33 percent chance that no one will die, a 41 percent chance that one person will die, and a 20 percent chance that two people will die. That’s a simple probability calculation. What stands out: There is no huge difference between zero dead and two dead. To assess the three surgeons purely on the basis of the outcomes would be not only negligent, but also unethical.

In conclusion: Never judge a decision purely by its result, especially when randomness and “external factors” play a role.

A bad result does not automatically indicate a bad decision and vice versa. So rather than tearing your hair out about a wrong decision, or applauding yourself for one that may have only coincidentally led to success, remember why you chose what you did.

Were your reasons rational and understandable?

Then you would do well to stick with that method, even if you didn’t strike it lucky last time.

* Source: The Art of Thinking Clearly by Rolf Dobelli

More reading on Outcome Bias here at : https://hbr.org/2016/09/what-we-miss-when-we-judge-a-decision-by-the-outcome

 

February 2017

Reduce Tax , India Taxes, Save Money in tax , Year end TAX planning

Five SMART things to do in Feb / March from TAX perspective.

Last 2 months left for financial year end.
Five SMART things to do in Feb / March from TAX perspective. (Financial Year End 2016-2017 ends in March)
1. Make sure that the 80C investments are done 1.5L for you and spouse(if applicable)
2. Check your short term Capital Gains (from Stocks/MF) – if possible plan to REDUCE GAIN by realizing losses (if any) from underperforming MF or Stocks
3. Check your Other sources of Income and make sure to pay timely Advance TAX to avoid interest cost later.
4. Do not generate income by means of selling assets (House/MF/Stocks/Bonds/etc) in Feb / March. POSTPONE it to April (next financial year)
5. Make timely declarations to your company for components like HRA/Interest/Loss from house property/80C declarations etc.
Conceptually, All the above helps INCREASE your monthly Cash Flow.
Plan to keep things SIMPLE. Simplicity is the way to BRILLIANCE….
… Kapil
Budget 2017-18

Highlights of Union Budget 2017 – 2018

Highlights of Union Budget 2017 – 2018

GST – No changes in service tax & excise duty as GST draft will be launching soon

Fiscal Deficit – Seen at 3.2% (17-18) & 3% (18-19)

Current Account Deficit – 0.3% (16-17) 1st Half

FDI Investments – 1.45 Lakh Crores (16-17) 1st Half

Direct Tax – Tax to GDP Ratio is very low
Income upto 2.5 Lakhs – Nil Tax
Income above 2.51 Lakhs to 5 Lakhs – Reduces to 5% Tax from 10%
Income above 50 Lakhs to 1 Crore – 10% surcharge

Farmer – Double their income in 5 years

Agriculture – 10 Lac Crores credit

MNREGA – Allocation 48,000 Crores

PM Gram Sadak Yojna – Allocation 19,000 Crores

Sr. Citizen – 8% guaranteed pension for 10yrs by LIC of India scheme

(more…)

January 2017

The seven immutable laws of investing… James Montier

Value investing , James Montier, seven Laws of investing.

James Montier, a favourite among the readers of value investing, produced a white paper in March 2011, entitled “The Seven Immutable Laws of Investing”. In the paper he presented a set of laws to guide investors towards investing sensibly in stock markets.

“In my previous missive I concluded that investors should stay true to the principles that have always guided (and should always guide) sensible investment, but I left readers hanging as to what I believe those principles might actually be. So, now, for the moment of truth, I present a set of principles that together form what I call The Seven Immutable Laws of Investing.” ~ James Montier.

They are as follows:

1. Always insist on a margin of safety
2. This time is never different
3. Be patient and wait for the fat pitch
4. Be contrarian
5. Risk is the permanent loss of capital, never a number
6. Be leery of leverage
7. Never invest in something you don’t understand”
Source: GMO

Here is the complete text : The Seven Immutable Laws of Investing ….. By James Montier

 

The twelve most silliest things people say about stock prices ~ Part III

value investing, Peter Lynch Quotes, Pictures, Common Mistakes, Speculation, Trading, Gains, Losses, Indian Stock Markets  “All you need for a lifetime of successful investing is a few big winners, and the pluses from those will overwhelm the minuses from the stocks that don’t work out” ~ Peter Lynch ~ One up  on Wall Street.

 I have been reading ‘One up on Wall Street’ ~ Peter Lynch. The book is a classic and a must read for people interested in value investing.

This Part III is in continuation to earlier parts and thus completes the twelve most silliest things people say about stock prices as mentioned in the book. 

The earlier posts cover the previous 8 points of the common mistakes committed by investors which you can read here : Part I & Part II

I hope this trilogy will help you in your investing journey.

Thank you Peter Lynch for the wonderful book and  common sensical approach to stock investing.  Enjoy (points 9 through 12)….

9. What me worry, Conservative Stocks do not fluctuate much…
Peter Lynch gives examples of Utility Companies. Two generations of investors grew up on the idea that they could not go wrong with the Utility stocks. You could just put them in safety deposit and cash the dividend checks. However with the nuclear and the base rate problems, suddenly the nuclear plants became expensive and stocks fluctuated wildly over a couple of years.

Companies are dynamic and prospects change. There simply isn’t a stock that you can own and you can afford to ignore.

Near home, FMCG Stocks have always been considered conservative stocks with relatively low beta and good dividends. However, over the past 2 years most of the FMCG stocks have considerably outperformed the index. The valuations are stretched and stocks have literally become multi baggers. Can these stocks be considered be conservative any longer? Is anybody’s guess….

10. It’s taking too long for anything to happen
“PostDivesture Flourish”, a term coined by Peter Lynch, which means that after considerably waiting for a stock to do something, you give up, and when you finally sell the stock, the price of the stock starts to flourish and move northwards.

I have experienced this when I gave up on LIC Housing Finance in mid 2009 after holding the stock for almost 3 years. The stock went up almost 5 times in the next 2 years.
Learning ~ Do not give up on the stock if all is well with the company and the reasons for which I bought the stock have not changed.

The stock markets tests patience and rewards conviction.

It takes remarkable patience to hold on to an idea / stock that excites you, but which the market largely ignores. You begin to think everyone else is right, and you are wrong. But remember, where the fundamentals are promising, patience is more often than not ~ rewarded.

11. I missed that one, I will catch the next one
This is such a common mistake committed by a large number of investors.
Page Industries is one such stock, which has given phenomenal returns to investors over the past 3 years, and continues to do so. Investors who missed out on Page Industries are trying to catch onto other seemingly similar stocks like Lovable Lingerie.

This is a mistake because the performance of Page Industries is based on various factors like the company management, capital structure, earnings growth, streamlined and strategic supply chain, brand image, brand power and brand recall value, customer loyalty, vendor relationships, pricing power etc which is difficult for another company to imitate. The other company should be judged on it’s own merit for investment purposes.

It’s always better to buy the original good company at a higher price than to jump on to the next one at a bargain price. (Same logic applies when buying real estate as well…. I will talk about my views on real estate some other time though…)

12. The stock’s gone up, so I must be right or Vice Versa.
Peter Lynch terms this as the single greatest fallacy of investing. Believing that when the stock price is up, then you’ve made a good investment. Investors confuse prices with prospects.

If you purchase a stock at Rs 100 and it moves up to Rs 105, investors take comfort from this fact, as if it proves the wisdom of their purchase. Nothing could be further from truth. Investors commit mistakes based on this fallacy ~ Either selling a good company at a loss, believing that they committed a mistake or holding on to bad apples if the prices are up post the purchase.

Remember the Stock does not know that you own it.
Unless you are a short term trade looking for 20 odd % gains /loss the short-term fanfare means absolutely nothing.
A stocks going up or down after you buy only indicates that there was someone who was willing to pay more or less for the identical merchandise. That’s it

You can read the earlier posts here :  Part I & Part II 

With this I lay to rest the 12 mistakes committed by investors with the hopes that you, can avoid these common mistakes and in the process become a successful investor.

Happy Investing!!!

The Golden Rules for Investing

10 rules for investing, Risk, Compounding, SIP, Greed, Fear, Taxes, Tips, Value Investing, Personal Finance, Financial Planning

The Golden Rules of Investing are essentially a common sensical approach which largely comes down to the emotional aspects such as Discipline, Patience, Greed & Fear. 

Remember these 10 golden rules of Investing.

1. Risk is inevitable – What is Risk?  Understanding Risk is the first part and then learning to Manage it. 
2. Start early – Benefit from compounding. Einstein has acknowledged Compounding as the 8th wonder of the world.
3. Have realistic expectations – Greed is bad. How much is too much. You never know what is enough, until you know what is more than enough.
4. Invest regularly – Not even God can time the markets. Timing/Forecasting the markets is an illusion.
5. Stay Invested – Be a marathon runner. Markets tests patience and rewards conviction.
6. Don’t churn your investments – It only increases costs. If you like gambling, go to a casino. For serious investing, stay put.
7. Spread your corpus – Each investment class is important. Don’t put all your eggs in one basket. 
8. Sell your losers – Hope doesn’t make money, Wisdom does. We are biased against actions that lead to regret. People attach too much weight to gains and losses rather than wealth. 
9. Hot tips usually burn your investments – Avoid them. Remember the reverse of TIP is PIT. So a tip usually dumps you in a PIT almost always. 
10. Taxes are important – But not at the cost of a bad investment. Only Death and Taxes are certain, true ~ But don’t make bad investments just to save tax. Don’t be Penny Wise Pound Foolish.

Happy Investing

Resolve to achieve Financial Freedom in your life!!! #Replug

Money and Happiness, Financial Freedom, Financial Planning, Retirement, Child Education

#Replug

Martin Seligman author of ‘Authentic Happiness’ and research psychologist has said that there are three parts to happiness : Pleasures, Engagement and Meaning.

Pleasure is the feel good part, the short term happiness of material possessions in life.
Engagement refers to good life involving work, friends, family and hobbies.
Meaning is using our time and strengths towards a larger purpose.
He reckons, that Although all the three are important , it is the last two which make a significant difference.

Now a lot of time we spend goes into increasing or earning money. Hence it is worth figuring out where money and hence financial freedom comes into play in our overall happiness. 

Does Higher Income really lead to Happiness though? Is the million dollar question.

When researched , the results are surprising. ?  A study from Princeton University found that a larger paycheck does lead to a happier life—but only to a certain point. ($75,000 per annum to be precise)

What really affects our happiness more than how much we make is our attitude toward money and the way that we handle it. When we hold fast to the belief that money directly determines happiness, life becomes a constant pursuit of accumulating ”more”.  

Would winning a lottery make us the happiest people on earth? Harvard Psychologist Dan Gilbert says NO.

He goes on to prove that we human beings are very good at adapting but extremely poor in predicting when it comes to our emotions and feelings. We tend to overestimate the duration and intensity of our future emotions.

For eg: A dream home with all modern amenities couple of extra bedrooms, with a beautiful view gives pleasure for a few months. Before the purchase, we tend to think that the possession will provide everlasting happiness and also experience that the happiness will be the ultimate satisfaction. But the same disappears later. At times it can also possibly have a negative effect on happiness at times.

Even when you change jobs or progress in career he has found out across subjects that in approximately 3 months they are back in the same place in terms of happiness. You can extend the examples to Car , let’s say you buy a porche or a BMW , the impact is the same.

This is one of the most important research subject in behavorial finance. Known as Hedonic treadmill. We work hard, earn more, and are indeed able to afford better and nicer things and yet it dosen’t make us any happier. The deeds and things you worked so hard for no longer make you happy; you need to get something even better to boost your level of happiness.” 

Wouldn’t it be better if we knew exactly how happy a new car, career, house or relationship would make us? It is quite possible if we do the following :

Avoid negative things that you cannot get accustomed to such as commuting , noise, chronic stress
Expect only short term happiness from material things such as cars, houses, lottery tickets, prizes, bonuses.
Accept your present
Aim for as much free time and autonomy as possible since long lasting happiness comes from what you actively do
Follow your passions even if you have to forfeit a portion of your income for them
Invest in friendships

Finally, Understand your relationship with Money. Don’t let money control your life . Rather Get a control over Money.

Have clear financial goals, focus on purchasing assets (rather than accumulating liabilities) and make your assets work along with you in order to achieve those goals. Remember, assets is something which puts money in your pockets, where as liabilities is something which takes money out of your pockets. 

This independence day resolve to achieve financially freedom in your life. 

October 2016

June 2016

Types of Investors – What type are you?

Types of Investors , Conservative, Aggressive, Risk taker, Risk Profiling, Risk Averse, Savers, Specialists, Speculators

I came across this good article at http://www.threetypes.com/philosophy/investor-types.shtml and wanted to share. It essentially discusses the various types of Investors viz : Savers, Speculators and Specialists and then goes on to explain how becoming a Specialist, is something which generates immense wealth over lesser periods of time , but which also requires tremendous efforts on the part of the investor.

Go ahead and decide which type of investor you are and then invest accordingly. Enjoy Investing…..

Savers

Savers are those people who spend the majority of their life slowly growing their “nest egg” in order to ensure a comfortable retirement. Savers explicitly choose not to focus their time on investing or investment strategy; they either entrust others to dictate their investments (money managers or financial planners) or they simply diversify their investments across a number of different asset classes (they create “a diversified portfolio”). For those who create a diversified portfolio, their primary investing strategy is to hedge each of their investments with other “non-correlated” investments, and ultimately generate a consistent annual return in the range of 3-8% (after adjusting for inflation). Those who entrust their money to professional money managers generally get the same level of diversification, and the same 3-8% returns (minus the management fees).

Savers seek low-risk growth of their capital, and in return, are willing to accept a relatively low rate of return. While there is certainly nothing wrong with striving for consistent returns, what the Saver is doing is really no different than putting their money in a Certificate of Deposit, albeit with slightly higher returns. The bulk of Savers are investing for long-term financial security and retirement. They start saving in their 20’s and 30’s by putting money in 401(k) accounts, mutual funds, and other diversified investments, and in 30 or 40 years, they have enough to retire on.

Savers rely in a single force to grow their capital: time. Because their rate of return is generally consistent, a Saver’s primary mechanism to achieve wealth is to invest and wait. In fact, Savers often use The Rule of 72 to calculate long-term investment growth and plan their retirement. While passive investing is an almost surefire path to a comfortable retirement, it also generally means 30-50 years of work to get to that point.

Speculators

Unlike Savers, Speculators choose to take control of their investments, and not rely solely on “time” to get to the point of financial independence. Speculators are happy to forgo the relatively low returns of a diversified portfolio in order to try to achieve the much higher returns of targeted investments. Instead of just spreading their money across stock funds, bonds, real estate funds, and a variety of other asset categories, Speculators are always looking for an investing edge. Perhaps they get a hot stock tip and try to cash in on the next Google. Or perhaps they hear about all the real estate investors who have made a bundle flipping houses, so they go out and buy the first run-down house they see.

Speculators recognize that they can have higher returns than Savers, and are willing to do or try anything to get those returns. They’re not scared to throw some money in an Options account and try their hand at derivatives trading; or run out and buy a bunch of inventory from a wholesaler they know and open up an eBay selling account. Speculators are always looking for the next great investment; for them, it’s all about being in the right place at the right time, and taking a chance on getting rich. If today’s investment doesn’t work out, there will always be another one tomorrow. (more…)

Interested in purchasing a property ~ Understand the Actual cost of buying a house !!!!

housing bubble in mumbai, real estate, stamp duty, registration costs, various charges associated with purchasing property.

If there is time to reflect, slowing down is likely to be a good idea. ~ Daniel Kahneman (Nobel laureate ~ Economics)

Lots of people are interested in purchasing a house over the past few years. Not surprising, because the land and real estate investments have had a phenomenal run over the last decade.

Recency Bias leads most to believe the the same will continue to happen in the future as well. The bias towards investing in property is so high that people are planning for their children’s education and retirement by investing in property. Their argument is that they can easily sell out for “5X” times the cost and live happily ever after. Bummer!!!!!  if it were so easy then technically smart businessmen (which are there to make profits) would all in the business of investing in real estate. Why dosen’t the developer, who advertises that the land near the highway will double in 2 years, himself take a loan , pay interest costs and keep the land for himself, is a question worth pondering. 

If Recent Gold price  & commodity crash is any indication then the probability, of the music stopping sooner rather than late in this ever increasing real estate prices musical chair game, is getting higher by the day. Given the pressure from banks, Already the game of 20/80 has begun. Developers are eager to sell off/offload assets from their books as soon as possible.  (20/80 ~ 20% now and rest on possession, Soon this will turn into 10/90 and even lower when the pressure to dispose off the property increases)

So, if you have a house and are interested in investing, it would be prudent idea to wait for some time at least the elections are over to see where the markets are heading. And do not forget to Negotiate hard. You will get discount to the tune of 25% or so.

Real Estate developers are under stress to sell the supply build up which has happened over the past few years. And, it is also payback time for the builders. They will be asked to fund the political parties in the coming election year. Squeezed from all sides, it has already turned into a buyers market today. 

Do understand the various costs involved when buying a property (The image is from Time Property article which appeared on Saturday, May 18)

Financial Planning Thane, Real Estate Investments, Mumbai Property prices crash, Stamp Duty, Registration, VAT, Taxes when purchasing a house

The taxes & costs are a whopping 10% of the purchase price. And on top of this there are the regular maintenance costs, interest costs on the loan, property taxes etc which all add up. Understand that Buying a property is a leveraged transaction. The deal has been sweet over the years due to price appreciation factor. The rentals on residential property  are pathetic (2-3%).  The 20% which you put down gives you a fabulous return. However if the market stagnates, or even if there is a slight dip of say, 10% – then the implications will be damaging, especially for the working salaried class.

So , focus on asset allocation, Be aware & Happy Investing ~ Get a Financial Plan ~ With clear financial goals defined, investing becomes a lot easier, as you are driven by goals and not asset price movements. (More on this later)

February 2016

Union Budget 2016 Highlights !!!!

Union Budget 2016 Highlights, Indian Economy, Budget 2016,

Union Budget 2016 Highlights !!!!

1. Rs. 35984 crores allotted for agriculture sector.2. Rs. 17000 crores for irrigation projects.
3. Two new Organic farming scheme for 5 lakh acres.
4. Rs. 19000 crores for Gram Sadak Yojana
5. Rs. 9 Lakh Crores Agriculture Credit Target.
6. Rs. 38500 crores for MANREGA, highest ever.
7. Rs. 2.87 Lakh crores to be spent on Villages in total.
8. Rs. 9000 crores for Swach Bharat Mission.
9. Rs. 97000 Crores for Roads.
10. Total Outlay on Roads and railway Rs. 2.18 Lk Crores.
11. Rs. 2.21 Lakh Crores on Infra Projects.
12. NHAI to raise Rs. 15000 crores via NHAI Bonds.
13. More benches for SEBI Appellate tribunal.
14. Registration of Company in One Day for Start-ups.
15. Rs. 25000 crores for Banks rehabilitation.
16. 100% FDI for food processing.
17. Non planned expenditure of Rs. 14.28 Lk Crores.
18. Planned expenditure increased by 15.3% .
19. Relief Section 87A Rs. 2000 to Rs. 5000
20. Relief Sec 80GG Rs. 24000 to Rs. 60000
21. Section 44AD limits Rs. 1 crores to Rs. 2 crores. Rs. 50 Lakh for professional
22. Accelerated depreciation limited to 40%
23. New manufacturing companies will pay tax @ 25%.
24. LTCG on unlisted securities limited to 2 years.
25. 100% tax deduction for companies building houses upto 30 sq. mtrs.
26. Additional interest deduction for first house.
27. No service tax for building houses upto 60 sq mtrs.
28. 10% dividend tax for recipient over Rs. 10 lakh per annum.
29. TCS on purchase of asset over Rs. 2 Lakh in case and luxury cars.
30. VDS Scheme @ 30% + surcharge, Ist June to 30th September 2016.
31. Dispute resolution for appeal pending before Commissioner(Appeals).
32. Penalty for concealment of Income from 100-300% to 50-200%.
33. Rationalisation of TDS provisions.
34. 11 new benches for Income Tax Appellate tribunal.
35. No face to face scrutiny…..

January 2016

Why every aspect of business is about to change ? ~ Article from Fortune

Investment Planning, Identifying multibaggers, Stocks , INvesting for 2016 Ideas

What better way to start new year than analyzing the past ? A Brilliant Summary of changes that is going to hit us one way or other sourced from www.fortune.com

Why every aspect of your business is about to change

Geoff Colvin

Imagine an economy without friction-a new world in which labor, information, and money move easily, cheaply, and almost instantly. Psst-it’s here. Is your company ready?

Cars bursting into flames are never a good thing. So when a Tesla Model S ran over a metal object in Kent, Wash., in October 2013 and burst into flames, owners, potential customers, investors, and company executives got worried. When the same thing happened a few weeks later in Smyrna, Tenn., federal regulators opened an investigation. We all know what happens next: a massive recall, costly repairs at dealerships nationwide, and a painful financial hit to the carmaker. Yet none of that occurred. The problem was that the Model S could lower its chassis at highway speed to be more aerodynamic, and if debris hit the car’s battery pack in just the wrong way, it could catch fire. So Tesla  beamed a software update to the affected cars, raising ground clearance at highway speed by one inch. The problem went away. Just four months after opening their investigation, the regulators closed it.

Using software and the mobile-phone network, Tesla avoided any need for a recall. It doesn’t have any dealerships; customers can configure and order a car online, and they can test-drive cars at company-owned showrooms. Tesla’s advanced electric technology is simpler than gas or diesel technology, so cars can be built with fewer employees and less capital. Combine those factors and here’s what happens: General Motors  creates about $1.85 of market value per dollar of physical assets, while Tesla creates about $11. GM creates $240,000 of market value per employee, while Tesla creates $2.9 million. You don’t get differences like that just by being more efficient. Tesla, though in the same business as GM, is a fundamentally different idea

 

GM is changing, but for now it’s still a 20th-century corporation. Tesla is a 21st-century corporation, built for sweeping new realities that change the rules of success. The big theme is the arrival of the long-heralded friction-free economy, a new world in which labor, information, and money move easily, cheaply, and almost instantly. Companies are forming starkly new, more fluid relationships with customers, workers, and owners; are rethinking the role of capital (as traditionally defined), finding they can thrive while owning less and less of it; are creating value in new ways as they reinvent R&D and marketing; and are measuring their performance by new metrics because traditional gauges no longer capture what counts. (more…)